Here are a few specific features that make a shotgun tactical.
18 to 20-inch barrel:
The length of the barrel is imperative as it tends to keep the weapon short and maneuverable when it is used inside buildings and vehicles as well. Eighteen inches barrel is the shortest as you can legally possibly go without pursuing a tax stamp and federal registration.
Pump or semi-auto operation:
Shotguns come in all possible flavors. Such varied flavors include semi-automatic, pump action, lever action, and bolt action, single and double barrels. Among these, the most practical for home defense is the pump and semi-automatic actions. Why? Since these two are the fastest forms of operation available for a shotgun.
A good set of sights:
Majority of shotguns come with a single bead at the end of the barrel and which acts as a sight. These are applicable for a lot of applications but if you wish to get the most of out of your shotgun, attach a front and rear sight. Consider attaching a quality red dot sight for maximum efficiency.
a sling allows you to attach the weapon to your body. This is quite practical as it will enable you to retain the weapon and to allow you to use your hands for other tasks and moreover it makes it difficult for an attacker to strip you of your attached weapon.
Chambered in 12 or 20 gauge:
When it comes to semi-automatics, there is no doubt that the 12 gauge is the most common combat shotgun caliber. The 12 gauge is regarded as the more powerful option as well. Besides, it makes the firearm larger, heavier and recoils quite fiercely. A 20 gauge round, on the other hand, is still very potent and is considered much friendlier for
The capacity of 4+1 minimum:
The shotgun avails shells which are quite large and therefore most shotguns are limited in capacity. Although 4+1 will settle most encounters, preferably using something more like the 7+1 will give you an extra edge.
It is no question that any fighting shotgun requires a stock. Pistol grip shotguns are handy, fun and look cool on specific situations. Although, a shoulder stock makes a shotgun easier to handle and even more comfortable to shoot accurately.
It is imperative that you wear appropriate hearing and eye protection at all times. Handle all guns as if they are loaded. Remember to keep your gun unloaded until you are ready to shoot. Keep the muzzle pointed downwards at all times until you are prepared to shoot, and never point your weapon at anything you do not want to shoot.
Find the ideal gun fit
In order to shoot where you are looking at, you need to ensure you have a proper gun fit. You can test your gun fit by setting up a target board at approximately 16 yards and then mount and shoot a few shots pointing at the target without aiming. If the highest density point is off center, you will want to have your gun fitted.
Determine which eye is your dominant eye
In order to check for eye dominance, merely stand tall and point to an object on the other side. Close your left eye, and if you can still see the object at the end of the finger, you are right eye dominant. Similarly, open your left eye and close your right and if the object is still at the end of the finger, you are left eye dominant.
Practice your mounts with the gun loaded
Practice makes perfect. Tend to practice in front of the mirror to see that you mount the gun from the same position on your face each time while carefully avoiding mounting it on your shoulder. Remember to stand with your feet narrow and concentrate on creating a smooth swing and follow through.
Focus on the target
Train yourself to concentrate on the target rather than looking down the gun barrel or bead. It takes practice. Do not aim; instead get in the habit of pointing.
Don’t stop moving the barrel until you pull the trigger
Ensure you have consistent follow through, and the best way to achieve this is to keep your barrel moving. Tend to keep your dominant eye on the target and follow with the barrel.
Determine your target ahead of time during simultaneous shooting
Generally, you will want to shoot the lower target first. And when the gun recoils, it will automatically bring you to the higher target.
Analyze misses and adjust accordingly
If you are on a missing streak, take a break and adjust. First, see if you need to change your posture and second follow your lead and increase or decrease accordingly.
Use low recoil target loads
Availing low recoil loads will help you save your shoulder and improve your marksmanship as it has high velocity. They are cheap as well.
Use correct stance
Ensure that your body is in the right position by standing with your forward leg slightly bent and hind leg straight. Tend to bend a little at the waist and slightly lean forward to your gun.
Use proper form
Proper form is achieved by holding the butt of the gun tightly against the shoulder and collarbone with the elbow of your shooting arm parallel to the ground. Remember to place your cheek firmly against the top of the stock so that your sight is in level with the rib of the gun and bead at the end of the barrel.
1. The first target shooting was practiced with bows and arrows and slings. Inscriptions on ancient Egyptian tombs depicted shooting and shooting lessons where bows and arrows were used.
2. The first target shooting using shoulder arms was performed with crossbows during the middle ages. The first shooting clubs were organized among the German people in the 12th century. Crossbows were used in one shot competitions using uniquely painted wooden targets. Swiss legend, William Tell became famous for his skill with the crossbow. At the beginning of the 16th century, firearms equipped with rifle barrels were used in shooting competitions.
3. The shooting had got its start as a sport in America when the frontier people came together. Early Americans along with the Pennsylvania and Kentucky flintlock rifles would fire at a mark which was usually depicted by an X carved on the slab of wood. Such turkey shoots or gun frolics had prizes of turkey, beef and other food items.
4. The most popular era of shooting in the U.S was in the late 1800s. Offhand schuetzen rifle matches lured in hundreds of shooters from all over and thousands of spectators. Harry Pope and Dr. Walter Hudson were two of the greatest shooters of that time.
5. Trap shooting initiated in the U.S in 1825. Initial informal matches used live pigeons. Later the U.S developed artificial targets for trap competition using first glass balls containing feathers, then clay targets.
6. Skeet shooting was organized in the early 1900s. This sport was meant to stimulate upland game shooting. Initially, competitors shot around the clock using the whole circle of shooting which was later modified to a half circle. Clay birds were thrown from high and low houses situated on either side of the field.
7. Many national shooting federations were established in the 19th century. The NRA or National Rifle Association of America was founded in 1871 by Captain George Wingate and Colonel William Church of the New York National Guard. The NRA assumed responsibilities and leadership for pistol, rifle and at the beginning of the 1960s, shotgun shooting.
8. In 1896, the French pistol champion Baron Pierre de Coubertin established the first modern Olympic Games. The first games consisted of nine sports including shooting. Included on the program were two high powered rifle and four pistol events, and since then shooting events have been added every year at the Olympics.
9. U.S shooters were without a doubt among the world’s best rifle shooters of the 20th century. In the 1920s, Morris Fisher won dual Olympic gold medals and Walter Stokes won seven world championships. Post-1960s, Lones Wigger, won two Olympic gold medals and set 12 world records whereas Gary Anderson won dual Olympic gold medals and several world championships. Other 20th-century champion shooters included John Foster, Lanny Bassham, John Writer, Pat Spurgin, Margaret Murdock, Wanda Jewell, Bob Foth, Nancy Johnson, and Launi Meili.
This rule means that you must always treat every firearm as if it is loaded and armed. A great tip is always to assume that every gun you come in contact with is loaded until and unless you physically verified by yourself on what condition the firearm is in. And remember to never rely on anyone’s word for it. Bear in mind that the moment you hold a gun in your hand, you are solely responsible for it and anything that occurs after while being in your possession. If you lack the sufficient knowledge on how a gun works, it is best to leave it alone and seek a knowledgeable person to show you.
Rule 2: Never point the firearm at anything you are not willing to shoot, ever
You must always be 100 percent aware of where your gun is aimed at all times. Never, ever, point the gun at anything you are not willing to shoot and destroy. This is the rule which saves lives from being taken by accident. You must remember to practice due caution and diligence at all times when handling a firearm since it is an enormous responsibility.
Rule 3: Keep your finger off the trigger and out of the trigger guard
Remember to practice safety first before making the conscious decision to shoot. Tend to always keep your finger off the trigger and out of the trigger guard until and unless you have the target in sight and is ready to fire upon the target. Remember that if you have your finger on the trigger and is startled in some way or the other, your brain will tend to react with a first response which will result in tightening every muscle in the body, including the trigger finger and resulting in the unwanted firing of the gun. This is the reason why you should keep your finger outside the trigger guard.
Rule 4: Be sure of your target and what’s beyond and around
The hand that carries the gun is responsible for whatever is being done by the weapon. If you fire a bullet, only you and you are solely responsible for it, regardless of where it lands. You must know in advance where your shot will reach when you fire it. You must also know where it may hit if it misses your intended target. Remember how much energy it carries and what it can go through to kill or hurt.
Rule 5: Always lock up your guns
Whether you use a handgun, trigger lock or cabinet safety; always maintain your firearms locked. When having children around, them being natural curious always arises a chance of someone accessing your guns. So be smart and always keep them locked away safely.